First of all there is nothing called as MD Specialization in Germany. No studies or classrooms like in India, China or other Non European Countries. Also there is no Bachelor of Medicine Studies or a degree is awarded, it is called as Medical Studies (Human Medicine), which is for approx. 6 1/2 years including one practical year, then you can call yourself Medical doctors (Arzt) after passing the non-clinical, clinical and also the Approbation exam (The final exam after the practical year where a practical and a viva session with a panel of examiners is conducted. The examiners can ask any question in the medical field related to their studies). Upon completion, students receive the Approbation (Licensing) but No titles in front of the Name as no Doctorate/Research has been done, only studied. Students are now called in German as “Arzt” (meaning Medical Practitioner). If you do Research and get a Ph.D. (normally takes for medical students 12 to 24 months, which could be done during the studies itself, then appear for the viva (Thesis Defence) and get the DR.MED title).
So what is with foreign medical degree (non-european)?
As of April 2012, if you have completed your medical training in a foreign country, you are eligible to receive a medical license in Germany, regardless of whether you are from an EU or a non-EU (third) country – provided that the training is equivalent to the German medical training. Some of the curriculum is accepted in Germany that’s why students don’t study again at a medical university or undergo the practical year. But the Medical Council and the Health ministry wants to make sure that both the German and the foreign medical student’s standard are the same and also can handle German Patients. So via the 2 exams (Fachspracheprüfung & Kenntnisprüfung) the equivalency of a foreign degree is proofed. The Kenntnisprüfung is equivalent to the German Approbation exam (practical plus viva exam).
Students from non-EU countries also have the possibility to apply for the Gleichwertigkeitsprüfung (Meaning: That the foreign degree and the work experience suffice to prove the knowledge of the candidate and the candidate wishes not to take part in the Kenntnisprüfung exam). But in most cases, the direct matching of degree is not possible and the candidates are asked to appear for the Kenntnisprüfung.
German hospitals have had to contend with a shortage of doctors for quite a number of years now. There is a need throughout Germany for several thousand additional doctors. This demand will continue to rise in coming years, particularly as many hospital doctors are soon due to enter retirement.
Germany has an ageing population with a negative birth rate, hence there is a big requirement for Doctors.
The Number of Contract Doctors & Hospital doctors has not increased by the amount required.
The average age of a doctor in Germany is around 54 years (Dentists 55 years of age), with less than 30% of Doctors under 44 years.
Germany has oldest universal health care system. Health insurance is mandatory for whole population in the country.
Due to fewer doctors being added to the workforce the German government with the German Health Ministry is allowing Foreign Doctors to come to Germany, equate their degree & start practising.
Foreign Doctors can –
- Work in the hospitals, dental clinics (dentists)
- Improve the Doctor to Patient Ratio
- Reduce the average age of Doctors
- Work in the World’s Best health care system
Work Options after Equating Degree-
- Doctor in a Hospital
- Private Medical Practice
- Employee in Group Practise.
- Start specialisation under a senior doctor
In 2000 there were about 11,000 Foreign Doctors,
In 2016 there are over 42,000 Foreign Doctors with a requirement for more.
On average, doctors in Germany are paid more than graduates of almost any other academic discipline.
- 5-6 years Medicine
- 6-7 years Surgery
(The time during temporary license spent in a hospital is not taken into account for Facharzt specialization)